For those who struggle with reading comprehension, parents often have inefficient strategies to help their children improve. Both parents and their children are usually unaware of what good comprehension looks like and need to be shown how and when to apply comprehension strategies.
These ideas were found on the NSW Government Education and Training site, it's worth a look here. But for those of your who just want a few quick ideas to help your children with their reading I have provided you with six great reading comprehension strategies.
1.Personal connections from the text.
Activity - Students create two columns with headings Book/Me. Prior to and during reading students add details about the connections between the book and their lives.
2. Predict by using other information.
This can be taken from from graphics, text and experiences to anticipate what will be read/ viewed/ heard and to actively adjust comprehension while reading/ viewing/listening.
Activity - Students list predictions before and during reading. As they read students either confirm or reject their predictions.
3. Question and Answer.
Help learners with description by posing and answering questions that clarify meaning and promote deeper understanding of the text. Questions can be generated by the learner, a peer or the teacher.
Activity - Using post-it notes, students list all the questions they have about the text. As they read students continue to write questions. When an answer is found for the wondering students remove the post-it note.
Stop and think about the text and know what to do when meaning is disrupted.
Activity - As they read students code the text with post-it notes
:) I understand
? I don’t understand
! I fixed it up myself
Create a mental image from a text read/ viewed/ heard. Visualising brings the text to life, engages the imagination and uses all of the senses.
Activity - Sketch to stretch: As a passage/story is read students sketch their visualisation. In groups they share their sketches and discuss reasons for their interpretation.
Get learners to identify the most important ideas and restating them in their own words.
Activity - Students highlight words they believe are key to understanding the passage. These words are written on post-it notes and placed on the page. After reading the students close the book and arrange the key words in an order that supports a cohesive summary.
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